According to conventionally acknowledged historical wisdom, the first signs of a “civilised” society appearing on this planet occurred approximately 5,000 years ago around 3,000BC in a land known then as Sumer (present day Iraq). From this original hub of early civilisation sprang forth modern day cultures and societies, and since then a documented account of conventional history has been formulated and established.
But what if our historians got it completely wrong?
The Piri Reis Map
In 1929, a group of historians, whilst searching old documents in Constantinople, found a map on a dusty old shelf hidden away in the archives. It had been painstakingly created on a piece of gazelle skin.
Research has since confirmed that it is a genuine document drawn in 1513 by Piri Reis, a famous admiral of the Turkish fleet during the sixteenth century.
His passion was cartography. His high rank within the Turkish navy allowed him privileged access to the Imperial Library of Constantinople, from whence he obtained ancient source maps which enabled him to compile an archaeological wonder, today known as the Piri Reis Map.
The Turkish admiral admits in a series of notes he wrote on the map that he compiled and copied the data from a large number of source maps, some of which dated way back to the fourth century BC and much earlier.
The map was of immediate interest as it accurately portrayed the coastlines of South America and Africa, at their correct relative longitudes and latitudes. As the map was dated 1513, only 21 years after the official discovery of the Americas by Columbus in 1492, it seemed improbable that the map was compiled from cartographical data obtained by Columbus.
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